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Bukit Lawang, Trekking & Outdoor Activities

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Bukit Lawang
Bukit Lawang part of Gunung Leuser and conservation park. Img: Thijme plomp

North Sumatra offers more than Lake Toba as a popular tourists destination. Situated 90 kilometers northwest of Medan, Sumatra, Bukit Lawang is also among the list of places worth to visit in Sumatra. The humble tourism village is mostly popular for its Orang Utan Observation Center.

Bukit Lawang is a part of Gunung Leuser National Park. The park, which protects numerous wildlife, is a UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Among the animals protected here are several species of bird, plant, and mammals, especially the Orang Utan (Pongo abelii).

Bukit Lawang, which located at the edge of the park, serves as a gateway to Gunung Leuser’s jungle life. Many visitors like the idea of spending time at the edge of the Bahorok river. The river runs through the village deep into the jungle.

Bohorok river
Bohorok river, tubing activities cost Rp75k-100k. Make sure to bargain. Img: RJ Tissink

The ecotourism here is both calm and adventurous. It is because, besides nature, the area also packed with fun activities. From cave exploration to tube rafting. Before turning into ecotourism, Bahorok river has suffered from a tragedy. As in 2003, it was devastated by flood due to illegal logging.

Jungle Trekking & Wildlife

Depends on tourists preference, there is plenty of trekking option. From light trekking 3 hours, 6 hours, to overnight trekking. Travelers with children or having limited time can opt for the short trek. Although short, expect quite many encounters with the wildlife.

Orang Utan is not a strange sight. And so are other animals such as gibbons, Sumatran peacock, and flying squirrels. For more thorough jungle experience, sign up for the overnight treks. Some tour companies have 2 days and two-night packages.

Orang utan sanctuary bukit lawang
As a part of Leuser National Park, Bukit Lawang also is orangutan sanctuary. Img: Windiya Agustina

While some also offer a 5-day long journey. Whichever, prepare stamina because the trek is quite rigorous. With up and down paths. It also requires several hours of hiking each day. However, all the struggle will be worth it. Deep jungle exploration reveals more wildlife for eyes to see.

Discover hidden waterfall along the way. Enjoy the more spectacular view as trekkers go deeper into an area rarely untouched by humans. If lucky, prepare to meet Sumatran elephant and even tigers!

Bukit Lawang Bat Cave

The bat cave at Bukit Lawang isn’t the headquarter of Batman, despite its name. However, the cave does have so many bats. This nocturnal creature hanging upside down on the cave’s ceiling. Enter this cave and prepare to be welcomed by their glowing yellow curious (or judgy!) eyes.

cheap guesthouse bohorok river
Cheap Guesthouse along the river cost IDR100k. Img: Bendert Katier

For entrance, prepare to pay IDR 25k. The bat cave isn’t the only cave around Bukit Lawang. Deep in the jungle, Goa Air is also the homes of bats and other peculiar animals. Tourists reported the sighting of a large spider.

Along with the sleeping snakes, blind frogs, giant centipedes, among other weird crawlers. Want to feel like in a movie Indiana Jones? Bukit Lawang’s caves are the answer.

River Tubing

Have fun gliding on the river with this activity called “Tubing” or tube rafting. Strapped on a used rubber tire, let the currents bring visitors down the river on a splashy adventure. The river can be quite tricky.

River Tubing, Bukit Lawang
River tubing is only one from many fun activities in Bukit Lawang. However, avoid tubing during monsoon. Img: Rifai Muhammad

It is recommended not to do tubing during rainy season since the water volume can change drastically. River tubing can also be an option to go back to the village after trekking the jungle.

Go Around The Village

In between trekking, hiking, or rafting, spare some times to look around the village. Bukit Lawang residents are not only friendly, but they are also environmental-aware. Still fresh in their mind is the 2003 flood.

The devastating flood has woken up the village awareness. The importance of sustaining their delicate environment. The memory of losing loved ones has made them hating illegal logging. To the point, they will instantly alert on the sound of chainsaws.

Landak Bahorok River
Local’s Favorite Camping site in Landak Bahorok River. Img: # Hastag

The villagers also do other environmental preservations. Chat with them and discover how they diligently plant trees to avoid land erosion. A family can voluntarily plant up to 40 plants along Bahorok riverbank.

Opening Hours & Entrance Fee

Bukit Lawang Ecotourism village open 24/7. A guided tour price range starts from IDR 500k for a half day. Tourists can bargain and compare packages offered by other companies at this village. The package does include the permit fee. Prepare some cash to pay small fees such as parking, toilets, fees for crossing bridges, tubing, and entrance to caves.

Bukit Lawang Opening Hours & Entrance Fee
Ecotourism villageOpen 24 Hours
Leuser National Park Entrance FeeRp150.000 (Mon-Sat) / Rp225.000 (Sunday)
Wildlife watchingRp10.000
Canopy TrailRp25.000

See: Samosir Island, Top Spot & Things To Do. 


Guesthouses are available throughout the village. With rates as cheap as IDR 100k/night. During the rainy season, pick an accommodation built at least 3-5 meters away from the river. Just as a precaution toward flood.

Bring enough cash because the nearest ATM is 7 km from the village (in the town area). Almost every guesthouse has warungs and there are several gift shops in the village.

How To Get To Bukit Lawang

From Medan Kualanamu Airport, tourists can take a tourists minivan heading directly to Bukit Lawang. The fare is around IDR 200k and it takes 2,5 hours to get to Bukit Lawang. The cheaper way is by public bus. However, it takes longer. Sometimes extending to 4 hours depending on the bus waiting time.

First, visitors need to go to Pinang Baris Bus Station by taxi (IDR 40k). Then take a bus (orange color minivan) until the last stop at Gotong Royong Terminal. From there tourist can take a motorcycle taxi for IDR 15k. Bukit Lawang is a small village, therefore, there is no need to rent a vehicle to get around. The entire spot is easy to get around on foot.


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