Yogyakarta is a never-ending tourist attraction, especially for a traveler seeking an ancient site. In Yogyakarta, history and culture are bonding with its people. Ratu Boko Temple for example. Boko offers not only history and culture but also the stunning spot for the best sunset in Yogyakarta.
Ratu Boko Temple located 3 km from Prambanan Temple. Ratu Boko once was a royal palace. And part of the important place of Hindu culture. The palace is very broad and located in the hills upon 200 meters. There still parts of the remaining building on every side of this temple.
Although this temple is a ruined palace in the hills, it still is magnificent. Travelers should add Ratu Boko Temple in the list to go to. There is richness in their history and culture value in it. From the first sight of the temples, visitors will see the gate. The very big and magnificent gate of the palaces.
Pendapa which is already rare to find right now and the best architecture of palace built in the hills. The sunset view in Ratu Boko is popular among locals. People will begin to march to the temple from 4 PM. Using the shuttle from Prambanan Temple. Witness and enjoy the sunset from the hills. Or watch the view from the restaurant, Boko Sunset Resto.
The History of Ratu Boko Temple
H.J. De Graff from England is the one who found Ratu Boko Temple. He got information from European who visited Java around the 17th century. Just like any other palace, the name of Ratu Boko Temple is taken from King of Mataram at the moment, Ratu Boko.
In the 8th century, this palace once used by the Dynasty of Syailendra. The palace stands even before Borobudur and Prambanan Temple. An inscription found in the temple mention Rakai Panangkaran is the initiator of the construction.
Abhayagiriwihara inscription, in a year of 792 AD. stated that the temple built by a man called Tejahpurnama. Which is another name of Rakai Panangkaran. At that moment, Rakai Panangkaran was removed from the throne.
He is looking for peace and decides to build a monastery on the hill. And that is the meaning of Abhayagiriwihara means. A monastery built on a hill of peace.
The Legend of Queen Boko
In the other side, there is a legend of Ratu Boko Temple spread among locals. The story begins with Boko as the king of Prambanan. And the father of Roro Jonggrang. And this is what people thought wrong all the time. Prabu Boko is a woman, not a man just like people thought.
She is the queen of Prambanan’s king and a Buddhist. The real name of the Queen is Prabu Prawatasari. Locals believe that Prabu Boko is an incarnation of a giant Buto Nyai. She is the strongest and the prettiest woman once upon a time in Central Java. As a woman, she is taller than other adults even male at that time.
After giving birth to a baby boy, Prabu Boko begins to like eating human meat. She thinks it’s what she needs to have more strength and power. The King, Prabu Dewatasari got very mad and cast out Prabu Boko from the palace. The King felt really upset and decide to build a palace with a giant gate. Just as giant as her Queen and named the palace after her.
Attraction in Ratu Boko Temple
The entrance gate located on the west side with position steeps up from the parking area. There are two gates, the outside and inside gates.
The inside gates are bigger than outside and function as the main gate. The gate is high enough to see the surroundings of Ratu Boko Temple. It also is the visitor’s favorite spot to take a picture.
Next, there is Batukapur temple. Batukapur or the limestone temple stands around 50 meters from the first gate. The foundation is 5 x 5 m2. There are no roofs in this temple.
The temple is an open building so the air runs freely. And suitable for the tourist who wants to have and refresh their mind. Also, it has great views with open nature sight around there.
Right beside Batukapur Temple, there is another temple called Pembokoran Temple. The shape of this temple is square around and has steep ladder construction. There is a hole inside with the size around 4 meters in the middle of the place. At that time, the function of this place is for cremation.
In the south-east, there is an old water well, the source of holy water. This holy water believe brings lucky for everyone who used it. For Hindu people, this water usually uses in Nyepi day for Tawur Agung celebration.
Paseban The Hall
The next place called paseban. In Java language, paseban means a hall to meeting the king. This place is on the north side not far from the gate. Paseban is wide terrace from north to south with stairs on the west side.
Pandapa is a place with wide around 1200 meters2 and around by wall with 3 meters height. The entrance is in the north, west, and south, indicated by Paduraksa gate. Pendapa means a hall for a welcome guest. In the outside pendapa, there is a terrace with 3 small temples. It’s the place to worshipping the goddess, Syiwa, Wisnu, and Brahma.
Keputren The Queen Residence
Next, Keputren, is a place where the Queen lived. Keputren divided into two areas by a stone wall with a connecting door. There are three square pools inside and eight round pools in three rows outside. These pools function as the palace pool for the King and his wife.
The Meditation Cave
The cave. There are two caves in the slopes of Ratu Boko’s hills, called Gua Lanang and Gua Wadon (man cave and woman cave). This cave uses for meditation back in the day. Both caves have relief of fertility mark. A symbol that brings hopes of fertility and prosperity for people.
Ratu Boko Temple Entrance Fee
Entrance ticket for a foreign or non-Indonesian resident is available for 1 day pass up to 7-day pass. Ratu Boko Temple Entrance also available in a package. Visitors buying Prambanan and Ratu Boko package will not only get a cheaper price. But a free shuttle between 2 temples.
Starts from Prambanan temple to Ratu Boko and head back to Prambanan. There is no special price to see the sunset at Ratu Boko. Guests will have to purchase a day pass ticket and cost $25.
Entrance ticket payment can be made by cash or credit card charged in Indonesia Currency IDR based on the day exchange rate. Tickets to Ratu Boko temple can be purchased Ratu Boko ticket counter or Borobudur Park official website.
|Ratu Boko Entrance Fee|
|Ratu Boko Entrance Fee||Children (3-10 years) in USD||Adult (>10 years) in USD|
|1 day pass Ratu Boko – Prambanan||27||45|
|4-7 day pass||50||100|
|Ratu Boko – Borobudur Temple||27||45|
Ratu Boko Temple Opening Hours
|Ratu Boko Temple||06:00 am – 05:00 pm|
No Certain Dress code
There is no certain dress code to visit the temple. The cotton shirt is the best choices since it’s getting hot at midday. Bring a hat, sunblock, and sunglasses. Also, wear the most comfortable shoes.
Facilities in Ratu Boko Temple
The facilities in Ratu Boko Temple have already well organized. In the ticket counter, visitors can also get a guide. Payment using debit or credit card is acceptable in the ticket locket.
Near the entrance gate, there is an outdoor restaurant Boko Sunset Resto. A feature of an outdoor and indoor restaurant. Boko resto panoramic view will be the perfect choice to close the evening.
How To Get To Ratu Boko Temple
Ratu Boko located near Prambanan Temple. Visitors will not need to worry about how to get here. Because it is easy to go there by public transportation. Either from Adisucipto International airport or Tugu Railway Station. Get on Transjogja Bus line 1A to Prambanan market.
At Prambanan Market find a taxi bike. Always agree on the price. The taxi bike usually will offer to wait in the temple and drop off at the same location.